Program > Global Young Scholar Forum


During the First International Conference on Exploration and Utilization of Underground Space (EUUS 2019), ACUUS YG (Youth Group of the Associated research Centers for the Urban Underground Space) and YES-Network (Young Earth Scientists Network) will co-organize the:

First Global Young Scholar Forum on “Collaborative Exploration of Underground Space for our Next Generations”

1. Themes cover the following research and application areas:

A: Inclusive Urban underground space planning for next generations
B: Disaster mitigation of Underground space development
C: Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering issues in underground space development
D: Advanced disposal of radioactive waste (nuclear waste)
E: Smart city design and underground space integration in ancient architectural area
F: Geothermal energy development and utilization
G: New technologies and methods in geophysical exploration for underground space

Chairs:

Prof. Xiongyao XIE

Professor of Tongji University, and now is the Vice Dean in the School of civil engineering in Tongji University. He also serves as the director of the committee of young scientist of Chinese Rock Mechanics and Engineering Society.

He is strongly involved in academic research, as well as in partnership with companies and local government in the field of non-destructive test, structural health monitoring and smart underground construction.

Prof. Zhenhao XU

Professor of Geotechnical Engineering in Shandong University.

Serves as the Deputy Director of the Urban Underground Space Engineering Department in Shandong University, Chair of the Associated Research Centers for the Urban Underground Space Youth Group (Asia), Executive Vice Secretary-General of the National Executive Committee Member for Young Earth Scientists Network in China.

His research interests are groundwater numerical simulation, advanced geological prediction, water and mud inrush in tunnels, water sealing mechanism of underground oil storage, urban underground space development and utilization.

Dr. Meng WANG

EurGeol, Chairman of the World Young Earth Scientists (YES) Network, co-founder of the China-Europe Earth Science Innovation Center, Deputy Secretary-General of the Environment and Energy Committee of the Chinese Association of Young Scientist and Technologist.

He keeps more than 10 years experience on geological research, mining and related projects in Canada, Australia, Tanzania, Iran, Italy and China. He is leading on several Industry and EU Horizon 2020 projects and first time organized the training and recognized on EurGeol as “European professional geologist” in China. In policy in science, he was the head of the Chinese delegation to the G20 youth summit in 2016.

Dr. Amy LI

Deputy Manager of ACUUS (Associated research Centers for the Urban Underground Space) Secretariat, Montreal, Canada.

As Secretary General of EUUS 2019 and FUUS 2019, She initiated the international working groups of ACUUS-GEO and ACUUS-URBAN, with supports from UN-Habitat as Associate Partner of the World Urban Campaign.

Her research covered integrated strategy of underground space development, human factors engineering and deep infrastructure development.

Speakers:

CROWDTHERMAL – Empowering citizens to participate in the development of geothermal projects with crowdfunding and social engagement tools

Dr. Marko Komac (University of Nova Gorica)

President of the European Federation of Geologists (EFG) / Associate Professor at University of Nova Gorica / Past Vice-President of IUGS

Details

Gas explosion loads of methane-air mixtures in a partly filled large scale tube

Dr. Li CHEN (School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University)

Winner of the National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars / Professor of School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University

Details

Hydrogeophysical tools to identify the shrinking underground space with relevance to critical zone

Dr. Tanvi ARORA (CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India)

Secretary General, Young Earth Scientist Network

Details

The Human Factor in Underground Workspaces

Dr. Adam Roberts (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)

Senior Research Fellow at School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in NTU

Details

Benefits of local geological knowledge for major linear infrastructures including tunnel: an example from a proposed freight railway alignment in Brisbane, Australia

Dr. Nehemia Beyene (Coffey Services Australia (Coffey), Australia)

Senior Geotechnical Engineer at Coffey Services Australia (Coffey) based in Brisbane

Details

Construction Strategy of Urban Underground Space Color System from the Psychological Perception

Dr. Yuan LV (School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xi`an University of Science and Technology, China)

Lecture of School of Architecture and Civil Engineering

Details

Dr. Giulio Viola (Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences University of Bologna)

Full Professor of Structural Geology and Tectonics

Details

Technique and Practice of Geostress Measurement in Deep Boreholes Based on Borehole Cross-sectional Shape Analysis

Dr. Zengqiang Han (Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, CAS, China)

Associate Professor of Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, CAS

Details

Alessandro Piazzini (Comune di Fiesole (FI), Italian)

Professor of Esercitazioni di Geologia Applicata / Planner (part of designer group) of Comune di Fiesole (FI)

Details

Study of corrosion behavior of Zn and Cu coated steels in soil environments

Dr. Pitchon Klomjit (National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Thailand)

Researcher, National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC)

Details

2. Special Seminar reserved to committee members – UNESCO publication initiative

3. Urban Lab sessions during the UN-Habitat Urban Thinkers Campus 4.0

4. Training course from the China Geological Survey
https://www.euus2019.com/short-courses/

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© 2019 EUUS. All Rights Reserved.

CROWDTHERMAL – Empowering citizens to participate in the development of geothermal projects with crowdfunding and social engagement tools

Dr. Marko Komac (University of Nova Gorica)


Biography

He is currently an independent consultant, the President of the European Federation of Geologists (EFG), an external researcher at the Faculty for civil engineering at the University of Ljubljana, an Associate Professor for GIS at University of Nova Gorica and a Member of the IntRaw Observatory Board as the Treasurer. From 2006 to 2014 Marko was the director of the Geological Survey of Slovenia where he also worked as a part-time researcher. From November 2016 to May 2019 Marko was the member of the Board of EFG, where he served as the External Relations Officer. From 2012 to 2016 he was a Vice-President of the IUGS, and in years 2011 and 2012 he was the President of the EuroGeoSurveys. He has more than 21 year experiences in the field of landslide analyses, geographical information systems (GIS), application of remote sensing in geology, spatial analyses and modelling, geostatistics, mass-movements analyses, management of organisations and teams, and international networking. Currently he’s involved in several EU-funded geological projects. He's an author or co-author of over 500 bibliographic units mainly from the above listed research areas and several times IronMan 70.3 finisher.

Gas explosion loads of methane-air mixtures in a partly filled large scale tube

Dr. Li CHEN (School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University)


Biography

Dr. Li Chen is currently a professor at Southeast University. He received his bachelor and PhD degrees from PLA University of Science and Technology. He has long been engaged in research on the blast resistance of civil structures, and was granted by National Outstanding Youth Science Foundation of China (Blast-resistant structures). He was also granted by other 4 NSFC projects and 1 Australia Research Council Linkage project. More than 150 journal papers have been published. He was listed in the 2nd class National Science and Technology Progress Award of China, the 1st class of provincial Science and Technology Progress Award of China, and the 2nd class of provincial Science and Technology Progress Award for 3 times. He was awarded the Silver Youth Science and Technology Award of CSRME, J.M. Ko Medal for 2017 (Advances in Structural Engineering, the best paper), as well as the honorary title of Outstanding Young Scholar of Explosion Mechanics in China.

Abstract

Vented explosion tests were conducted in a 12 m3 concrete chamber filled with methane–air mixtures to investigate the effects of methane concentration and venting pressure on the development of overpressure inside the chamber. The venting pressures were varied by using six different types of vent covers, and determined by performing a numerical simulation. Methane concentrations in the mixed gas varied between 6.5 and 13.5 vol.%, covering both lean and rich combustion regimes. The generation conditions of the four types of overpressure-time profiles with different overpressure transients were summarized. Among the overpressure transients, the P1 caused by failure of the vent cover and the P4 resulted from the coupling between acoustic mode and flame were basically dominant. The peak value of P1 increased with the venting pressure, while that of P4 first increased and then decreased as the venting pressure increased. The occurrence of P4 was depended on the methane concentration and the venting pressure. The differences in the behavior of these overpressure transients suggest their different generation mechanisms.

Hydrogeophysical tools to identify the shrinking underground space with relevance to critical zone

Dr. Tanvi ARORA (CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India)


Biography

Tanvi ARORA did M.Tech (Geophysics) from Kurukshetra University, Haryana. She carried out her doctoral research at CSIR-NGRI as the Senior Research Fellow (CSIR-SRF) and was awarded PhD from Osmania University in 2008. She was awarded the “Sandwich Fellowship” from France Government and she completed a part of her thesis at CEREGE-CNRS, Aix-en-Provence in France. Since 2008, Dr. Arora is working as Scientist at NGRI with specialization in Hydro-Geophysics. She highlighted the importance of unsaturated zone in the work completed and it is supported that recharge is the most important component of groundwater balance. She carried out both theoretical and field studies to pursue the doctoral thesis towards relationship between electrical resistivity and soil moisture in the unsaturated zone of hard rock terrenes. She is involved in various Research oriented projects of National as well as International repute which include the projects sponsored by UNESCO, European Union and Government of Africa. She has presented her research work in different continents.

Being a Hydrogeophysicist, she is interested towards the development of geoelectrical methods (including Self-potential, electrical resistivity and induced polarization). She is also interested in the application of these methods to a variety of problems including the contamination of aquifers, time lapse measurements for effective recharge, vadose zone properties, lithological characterisation, as well as finding suitable zone of recharge as a point measurement.

The Human Factor in Underground Workspaces

Dr. Adam Roberts (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)


Biography

Dr. Adam Roberts is a Human Factors psychologist with specialisation in neuro-ergonomics. For the past four years, he has been examining how environmental factors affect work performance. In the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at NTU Singapore, he studied how underground spaces could affect workers. Prior to NTU, Adam was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Faculty of Linguistics, Philology & Phonetics, University of Oxford and worked in the Babylab in the Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford. Adam received his PhD in Cognitive Psychology from the University of Sheffield in 2009, and his Masters in Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology in 2004.

Adam has worked on projects relating to environmental effects on the brain and behaviour, speech and language perception, and brain-controlled adaptive automation. He has over 10 years of experience with psycho-physiological recording, including eyetracking, EEG brain responses, and cardiovascular measures.

Abstract

In recent years, engineering aspects of underground spaces (UGS) have been constantly improving, with many innovations leading to UGS that are comparable to, or improve upon, aboveground spaces. However, the human aspect has lagged behind. This means that attitudes towards UGS tend to be negative, and potential workers worry about possible health and psychological effects. As population density in cities increases, underground space use will need to take a more prominent role. This means going beyond traditional underground facilities such as water treatment plants and MRT stations, into diversified uses such as underground offices and data centres. We need to take a human centric approach to ensure that workers are happy and healthy, and UGS is utilized effectively.

In this talk Adam Roberts will present an overview of the results of the latest and largest systematic interdisciplinary research examining psychological, social and health parameters of workers in UGS. Beginning with the general public's perceptions of and attitudes towards UGS, he will move on to discuss case studies of existing UGS around the world, a large scale Singapore workplace study comparing aboveground and underground spaces, and laboratory tests in simulated work environments. Adam will demonstrate that this research has wide-reaching implications beyond UGS into general indoor space design, where minor cost-effective solutions could dramatically improve worker performance.

Benefits of local geological knowledge for major linear infrastructures including tunnel: an example from a proposed freight railway alignment in Brisbane, Australia

Dr. Nehemia Beyene (Coffey Services Australia (Coffey), Australia)


Biography

Dr Nehemia Beyene has worked as geotechnical engineer and engineering geologist since 2004 for civil infrastructure and mining projects in Africa, Middle East, Australia and Pacific regions. Nehemia obtained his geology degrees from Mekelle and Addis Ababa Universities in Ethiopia then he began his PhD in Engineering Geology at Graz University of Technology, Austria in 2006. Following his PhD in 2010, he worked in Australia, Pacific region and Middle East. He is a Chartered Professional Engineer with practical and research experience in ground modelling (using GIS application & 3D modelling software), geotechnical site investigation, engineering geological and geological mapping, geological hazard & risk assessment and TSF embankment slope stability assessment and design. Currently, Nehemia is working as Senior Geotechnical Engineer at Coffey Services Australia (Coffey) based in Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

In the pre-feasibility stage of major infrastructure, a local geological knowledge has enormous advantage in identifying engineering geological risks that may affect the proposed structure. A conceptual geological model was developed based on published geological map and ground investigation data held by consultants.

In this talk Nehemia Beyene will present an overview of the conceptual ground model prepared for the proposed 40 km long freight railway in Brisbane, Australia. Distinct variation in the landscape (geomorphology) along the proposed railway is determined by the underlying geology. The railway starts at flat low-lying land that covered by mangroves and mudflats. Some section of the line passes through up to 20 m thickness alluvium, estuarine channel and tidal flat deposits. It also passes through the unconformable boundary, high and lesser strength rock strata. At areas where the local geology is controlled by structural features, a rapid water flow is also expected. As we know, government and private sectors have gained extensive geo related local experience in urban areas. Lessons learned and local knowledge acquired from individual projects can be easily managed and shared; the information can be interrogated using a GIS application. The conceptual model developed using such data can help to focus on future ground investigation, design constrain and risk control for urban underground spaces (UGS).

Construction Strategy of Urban Underground Space Color System from the Psychological Perception

Dr. Yuan LV (School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xi`an University of Science and Technology, China)


Biography

Dr. Yuan LV, registered urban and rural planner, is working as a scholar in School of Architecture and Civil Engineering of XUST in Xi’an. She obtained her PhD from Northwest University of China in 2014. Her research focuses on urban and regional planning. She has published more than 10 scholar papers, one monograph and one textbook.

Abstract

In the process of developing urban underground space, the diversified demands of the public require that the underground space should provide behavior perception and psychological feelings similar to that of the aboveground space. So, it is imperative to solve the problems of claustrophobia and difficulty in distinguishing directions of the underground space by means of planning and design.

Color is the primary factor that affects people's senses and is closely related to people's psychological activities. Color can be used to adjust environmental atmosphere and cause people to change their mood. However, the attention to the color of underground space lags far behind the upsurge of underground space construction, which is contrary to the public's pursuit of high-quality living space.

In this talk, Dr. LV will start from the color investigation of urban underground space, and find that there are many problems in the use of color of urban underground space. On the basis of understanding the current situation, she will systematically analyze the color elements and their characteristics, define the appropriate idea and direction of color distribution, construct the color system with classification and gradation, and put forward the appropriate scheme of underground space chromatography.

Dr. Giulio Viola (Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences University of Bologna)


Biography

Dr. Giulio Viola, got his PhD in earch sciences at the GeologicaL Institute of the ETH, Zurich, Switzerland with the project “Kinematics and timing of the Periadriatic fault system in the Giudicarie region (Central-Eastern Alps)”. With Large experience in the field of ductile and brittle structural geology and tectonics, he has been a committee member of the “Commissione di Dottorato” of the Earth Sciences PhD programme of the University of Padova since Feb. 2018. And now he is the coordinator of “Collegio dei Docenti” of the “Dottorato in Scienze della Terra, Vita e dell’Ambiente”, University of Bologna.

He has presided over nearly 25 current and past research as well as consulting projects. Due to his outstanding teaching, he won a prize for “Best Lecturer and Supervisor” at the Department of Geology and Mineral Resources Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim. In addition, he has rich experiences in research exchange and international cooperation. He plays an active role in editorial duties. For example, he is the associate editor of the Italian Journal of Geosciences, member of the Editorial Board of Precambrian Research, etc.

Technique and Practice of Geostress Measurement in Deep Boreholes Based on Borehole Cross-sectional Shape Analysis

Dr. Zengqiang Han (Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, CAS, China)


Biography

Dr. Zengqiang HAN is working as a geotechnical engineering scholar in IRSM of CAS. He obtained his PhD from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2008. He is mainly engaged in the research of borehole camera technology innovation and application, borehole GPR surveying technology, geostress measurement and geostress field analysis. He is a member of ISRM, CSRME and has published more than 30 SCI/EI papers, authorized 10 patents and 3 science and technology awards.

Abstract

Geostress is a natural stress that exists in stratum and is not disturbed by engineering which is also called initial stress of rock mass. Since the concept of geostress was put forward, scientists in various countries have put forward dozens of geostress measuring methods. Borehole-based method is the most commonly used method at present. Under the action of geostress, the borehole wall will produce a certain degree of deformation, especially in deep boreholes, which is very common. The cross-sectional shape of the deformed borehole is also the corresponding reflection of the magnitude and direction of in-situ stress. It is an important research direction of geostress measurement based on borehole deformation and deformed borehole cross-sectional shape.

In this talk, Dr. Han will present a new geostress measuring technique based on the principle of borehole shape and stress relief method. The relationship between geostress and borehole cross-sectional shape parameters is established, and the method of measuring and calculating ellipse shape is put forward. Then he will propose a geostress calculation method based on borehole cross-sectional shape parameters. In the aspect of measuring technology, a multi-contact type micro-optical diametrical measurement technology aiming at ellipse geometry shape is introduced. In practical application, this proposed technique is carried out at a deep borehole of 424m depth.

Alessandro Piazzini (Comune di Fiesole (FI), Italian)


Biography

Alessandro Piazzini was a professor of Esercitazioni di Geologia Applicata in Università degli Studi di Siena – Facoltà di Scienze Matematiche Fisiche e Naturali. He is planner (part of designer group) in Comune di Fiesole (FI) and focus on territorial planning and seismic hazard analysis. His main activities and responsibilities include Indagini geologico-tecniche di supporto al Piano Strutturale e al Piano Operativo Comunale con Microzonazione Sismica, Studi del distretto franoso in località Sna Rocco (Via Ripa) nel Capoluogo, etc.

Study of corrosion behavior of Zn and Cu coated steels in soil environments

Dr. Pitchon Klomjit (National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Thailand)


Biography

Dr. Pitchon Klomjit focus on localized corrosion of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, corrosion inhibitors of stainless steels and aluminum alloys, electrochemistry, failure Analysis, atmospheric corrosion of steels and aluminum alloys and corrosion in concrete and infrastructure.

He earned Royal Thai Government scholarship, granted Graduate Research Assistant scholarship, awarded the Best Paper Award for Corrosion Session at 9th Thailand Metallurgy Conference at Suranaree University, Nakhonratchasima, participated in World Materials Research Institute Forum 5th International Workshop for Young Scientists, appointed to be in Leadership Program in Global Young Scientists and appointed to be committee in drafting Thailand Industrial Standard for Galvanizing Steel Process.